shall we three meet again? In thunder, lightning, or in rain? (1.1.2)
Second Witch:When the
hurlyburly's done, When the battle's lost and won. (1.1.4)
Third Witch: That will be ere the set of
First Witch: Where the place?
Second Witch: Upon the heath.
Third Witch: There to meet with Macbeth.
First Witch: I come, Graymalkin!
Second Witch: Paddock calls.
Third Witch: Anon.
Fair is foul, and foul is fair:
Hover through the fog and filthy air (1.1.12)
is defined in dictionnaries as the human exercise of alleged supernatural
powers (sorcery). A woman believed to have such powers may be called
a witch or sorceress. Although the man should be called a male witch,
some people use the names : wizard, sorcerer or warlock.
in witchcraft is almost universal in contemporary primitive societies
and can also be found in modern technologically developed cultures.
When the early settlers came to America,
they brought along their belief in witches. In America, the legends
of witches spread and mixed with the beliefs of the Native Americans
- who also believed in witches, and then later with the black magic
beliefs of the African slaves.
have had a long history with Halloween
as they are associated with the dark, the
supernatural and the dead. Legends tell of witches gathering
twice a year when the seasons changed, on April 30 - the Eve of
May Day and the other was on the eve of October 31 - All Hallow's
told of witches casting spells on unsuspecting people, transforming
themselves into different forms and causing other magical mischief.
They were believed to
make brews or broths of poisonous herbs together with the
parts of human and animal corpses. It was said that to meet a
witch you had to put your clothes on wrong side out and you had
to walk backwards on Halloween night. Then at midnight you would
see a witch flying on a broomstick. (see Witches
superstitions have evolved about cats
as some people believed that cats were the spirits of the dead.
It was believed that witches could change into cats so the black
cat has long been associated with witches. If a black cat was
to cross your path you would have to turn around and go back because
many people believe if you continued bad luck would strike you.
most of this is based on misunderstandings or a misconception
of a religion and way of living. Read The
Basics of Witchcraft and find out what
witches really are and how they want to be treated and called.
dates from times immemorial as it was connected to pagan
religions related to the earth and natural cycles. With the advent
of monotheist religions many religious leaders opposed it to their
beliefs and rituals. During the
Inquisition, for instance, the clergy accused the people involved
of being in league with the devil and practising it for antisocial,
evil purposes so as to frighten the population and make them renounce
this "primitive" faith. In the Papal Bull of 1484, pope
Innocent VIII provided his blessing and encouragement to witchhunting.
Malleus Maleficarum (Hammer of Witches) as a guidebook to help them
to identify, prosecute, and dispatch witches. Writers of the fifteenth
century and later tell us much about what they thought and also about
towards women. For many centuries in Europe, many women and men
suspected of witchcraft
were persecuted, tortured
and burnt at the stake as a result of intolerance. The madness of witch
hunting in Europe seems to be a continuation of the action against the
Jews in Spain. In both cases the Christian religious establishment exercised
its power against minority groups, gypsies, Jews and women.
It shows that irrational prejudice and
state action based on such, is hardly a medieval, or even a
religious, phenomenon. This is why I have put up this page and have
started building a witchquest for tolerance.
Ideas and suggestions are welcome.